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Mount Damavand Trek: Trekking Facts and info

Mount Damavand, located in northern Iran, is the highest volcano in Asia and a popular destination for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers alike. With its stunning beauty and challenging terrain, Mount Damavand offers an unforgettable Iran trekking experience. In this article, we will take you through the exhilarating journey of a Mount Damavand trek, providing valuable insights and tips for a successful expedition.


Mount Damavand Trek: A Popular Adventure

Standing tall at an impressive height of 5,610 meters (18,405 feet), Mount Damavand is a stratovolcano that attracts trekkers from around the world. Its majestic presence, snow-capped summit, and breathtaking vistas make it a wonderful destination. The mountain holds cultural significance and is often referred to as the symbol of Iranian national identity. Every year, there are lots of travelers who want to do a mount Damavand hike.



mount damavand trek


Reasons to Trek Mount Damavand

Imagine a big, beautiful volcano called Mount Damavand. It’s not just any volcano; it’s one of the most gorgeous ones worldwide! When you see it from far away, it looks amazing. But guess what? If you decide to trek, or walk, up it, the experience is even more incredible. Picture yourself walking above the clouds, watching the sky change colors during sunsets. It feels like you’re on top of the world, or at least on top of Iran! Mount Damavand sits in the Lar National Park, where you’ll discover fantastic plants and animals native to that area. And oh, when you reach the tippy-top, you’ll get to see a breathtaking view of the Lar Valley.

Damavand Cultural Importance: A Mountain with Stories

Look towards Tehran, and you’ll see Mt Damavand. For the people of Iran, this mountain is like a special symbol. It’s in their poems and stories, especially in Persian poetry and literature. There’s this long Persian poem called the Shahnameh, and it talks about how the mountain has magical powers. It’s not just in poems; there’s a cool story too! It’s about a legend called Arash, where a magical arrow is shot from the mountain to mark the borders of Iran.

Physical Challenge: Climbing a Giant Volcano of Damavand

Now, let’s talk about a big challenge. Mount Damavand isn’t just any volcano; it’s the highest one in all of Asia! Climbing, or trekking, up Damavand is no easy task. It’s like climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, which is really tough too. So, reaching the tippy-top is like winning a medal for your body and your brain. It shows how strong and smart you are!

In a nutshell, going to Mount Damavand is like stepping into a magical world of stunning views, exciting stories, and a test of your superpowers!


Main routes for Mount Damavand Trek

If you want to climb to the top of the mountain Damavand, there are 16 ways to do it. But we want to tell you about four routes that are popular Mount Damavand hiking routes . These Iran ountain trekking routes are the North, Northeast, South, and West. Each of them starts at a different point on the Mt. Damavand, and you need to take a ride to get there.

Mount Damavand Trek South Route:

The South Route is the easiest one. It needs basic trekking skills, and going down is simple too. Many experienced climbers choose this route for the way down. There are huts, like Polour Hut, along the way. You can also get help from porters and mules, which is not guaranteed on other routes. If there’s an emergency, rescue teams can reach the South Route faster. It’s popular, so it can be crowded, especially on weekends. Sometimes there might be less space, but there’s usually room for tents.


Mount Damavand Trekking West Route:

The West Route is also easy to climb, but the last 200 meters are steep. The first basecamp, Polour Hut, is the same as the South Route. Carry enough water because there are not many chances to refill on the way. This route offers amazing sunset views, and some people pick it just for that. You’ll have a team of helpers, like porters and mules, to carry your things as you climb.


Mount Damavand Hike North East Route:

The North East Route is the longest and needs mountain experience to Ascend Mount Damavand. It can get very cold with strong winds. There’s one shelter at 4,500 meters called Takht e Fereydoun. This Mt Damavand Trekking route has the most beautiful views of all.


Mount Damavand Hiking North Face Route:

The North Face Route is the hardest Mount Damavand hiking route and needs some experience. It’s steep, involves scrambling, and the wind is strong. It’s colder than the South Route, with snow and ice in May and June. There are two shelters at 4,000 meters and 4,800 meters.

Remember, each Mount Damavand Trek route has its own special things, so choose the one that fits you best!



Best time for the Mt Damavand trek

The weather conditions on Mount Damavand vary significantly throughout the year, and it is crucial to choose the right season for your trek. The best time to attempt the summit is during the summer months, from June to September when the weather is relatively mild and the snow has melted to a manageable level. It is important to avoid the winter months due to extreme cold temperatures and heavy snowfall, which can pose serious risks to trekkers.

The best times to  Mt. Damavand trek are in the summer and early autumn. That’s when the journey to the top is more like a regular hike and not too tricky. But be careful! In the winter, there’s a lot of snow, and reaching the summit becomes more like skiing up a mountain instead of walking.

So, if you want a simple and fun hike, plan your trip in the warmer months. But if you love Mount Damavand ski tour and want a snowy challenge, winter might be the right time for you. Just remember, each season brings a different kind of adventure on Mt. Damavand!




Preparing for the Mount Damavand Trekking

A Mount Damavand trek requires thorough preparation to ensure a safe and enjoyable experience. Here are some essential steps to consider:

Physical Fitness: Engage in regular physical exercise and endurance training to prepare your body for the demanding trek.

Acclimatization: Plan for acclimatization days at lower altitudes to adjust to the changing oxygen levels and prevent altitude sickness.

Gear and Equipment: Invest in high-quality trekking gear, including sturdy hiking boots, warm clothing, waterproof layers, a reliable backpack, and trekking poles.


Mount Damavand Climbing Permit Price

Climbing famous mountains in Iran, like Mount Damavand, Mount Alamkouh, and Mount Sabalan, requires a special permit that costs $50. This rule applies to anyone entering these mountain areas, whether for climbing or trekking. You can easily request the “Damavand Climbing Permit” online on our website. Our team will then organize it with the I.R Mountain Federation, and you can collect your permit receipt at Polur camp or Raineh camp upon arrival. This permit ensures everyone’s safety and helps maintain the beauty of these incredible mountains.


Popular Mount Damavand Trek Tour Itinerary

5 days Mount Damavand trekking tour is one of this beautiful mountain’s most popular climbing itineraries. This affordable Mount Damavand climbing tour makes your dream to touch the highest volcanic mountain in Asia in 5 days. During these 5 days you will have the best acclimatization process to get ready to be on top of 5609 meters in height. But some mountain climbers prefer shorter itinerary which is Compacted in 3 days as below:



Day 1: Starting the Trek

The trek to Mount Damavand usually begins from the village of Polur, where trekkers register and obtain necessary permits. The first day involves a moderate hike to the base camp located at an elevation of around 3,000 meters (9,842 feet). This initial phase allows trekkers to acclimate to the altitude and enjoy the stunning natural surroundings.


Day 2: Ascending to the Summit

On the second day, trekkers embark on the challenging ascent towards the summit of Mount Damavand. The route becomes steeper, and the air thinner as you make your way up. It is crucial to pace yourself, take regular breaks, and stay hydrated. The final stretch may require the use of crampons and ice axes to navigate the icy slopes. As you reach the summit, a sense of accomplishment and awe washes over you, rewarded with panoramic views of the surrounding mountains and valleys.


Day 3: Descending 

After a memorable time at the summit, the descent begins on the third day. It is important to exercise caution while descending to prevent injuries. The trek concludes back at the base camp, where trekkers can rest, celebrate their achievements, and reflect on the remarkable journey they have undertaken.


mount damavand tek

Safety Tips for Mount Damavand Trek

Hire a Guide: Consider hiring an experienced guide who is familiar with the mountain and can ensure your safety throughout the trek.

Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and combat the effects of high altitude.

Watch for Symptoms: Be aware of altitude sickness symptoms such as headache, nausea, and dizziness. Descend immediately if these symptoms worsen.

Dress Appropriately: Layer your clothing to adapt to changing weather conditions and protect yourself from the cold.

Respect the Environment: Leave no trace behind and respect the fragile ecosystem of Mount Damavand. Dispose of waste properly and follow designated trails.




Camp, Shelters, Hut and All Accommodation for Mt Damavand Trek in Iran

For all the climbers wondering about Mount Damavand, there are some common questions. People ask, “How high is Mount Damavand?” and “How many camps do I need to pass to reach the top?” The answers depend on the route you choose.

Mount Damavand has three camps at different heights:

Damavand Base Camps are near the mountain, on roads and in villages. They are around 2400 to 2600 meters above sea level.
Camp one is at about 3000 meters above sea level.
The second camp is between 4000 to 4500 meters on Mount Damavand.
For a good hike, you should stay overnight at least three camps: 2400 meters, 3000 meters, and over 4000 meters.

If you climb from the south route, you can spend one night in Polour Village (like a hostel). Then, hike to the 3000 meters camp called Goosfandsara, and finally, the last stop is Bargah-e-Sevom camp at 4250 meters. This way, you can enjoy your hike and rest at different camps along the beautiful Mount Damavand.

To climb to the top of Damavand, most people take the southern route. It’s steeper but safer and shorter. There’s a new building called Damavand hut at 4250 meters, where climbers can stay. There are local camps, a clear path, and mules to carry things to the shelter. This route is the best choice for climbers who want to reach the summit by themselves.

The southern hut is special because it has beds, a dining hall, a small kitchen, and a shop. You can buy or order basic foods like soup, and they also have hot water, drinking water, and tea.

On the other routes, like the north and northeast sides, there are no places to buy things. The shelters there are just mental cabins, like bivouacs, only helpful in bad weather. The two-floor stone building on the west route also doesn’t have any facilities or equipment.

So, if you want a comfortable climb with places to rest and buy necessities, the southern route with Damavand hut is your best bet.



Mount Damavand Trek FAQ

How hard is it to hike up Mount Damavand?

While prior mountaineering experience is beneficial, it is not a strict requirement. However, adequate physical fitness and preparation are essential.

What are the accommodation options during the Mount Damavand trek?

there are basic mountain huts and campsites available at different points along the trek.

How long does it take to climb Mount Damavand?

Mount Damavand Climb takes 5-7 days to reach the top. But guess what? You can even do it in just 3 days if you’re up for a quicker challenge! So, you have options to make the journey super exciting!

Can I trek Mount Damavand alone?

Yes, it is possible to trek Mount Damavand independently, but it is recommended that you have some experience and knowledge of mountaineering and navigation.

Do I need a permit for a Mount Damavand Trek?

Trekkers need to obtain a permit from the Mountaineering Federation of Iran. It is advisable to arrange this in advance.

How difficult is the Mount Damavand trek?

Mount Damavand trek can be physically challenging, especially the summit push. Proper preparation and acclimatization are key to overcoming the challenges.


Need help booking?

Our team of adventure experts is here to make your experience extraordinary! They’ll help you from the time you pick a program until you’re back from your trip. They know all about outdoor adventure and are ready to assist you every step of the way. Just ask, and they’ll make sure your adventure is super cool!

Going on a Mount Damavand trek is an incredible adventure that combines natural beauty, physical challenge, and cultural significance. Standing on the summit of this majestic volcano is a rewarding experience that will stay with you forever. By following the outlined tips and ensuring your safety, you can make the most of your trek and create unforgettable memories amidst the awe-inspiring landscapes of Mount Damavand. A professional Iran adventure tour operator ensures a fantastic Mount Damavand trek, providing a memorable and exceptional experience.

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